30 Terrible Diseases Caused by Water Pollution (And How To Tell If You’ve Got One)

Have you ever gotten sick without realizing why?

Have you noticed the condition of your water getting worse and worse over time?

Did you ever think these two situations might be related?

Unfortunately, there are several diseases caused by water pollution, and they may be more likely than you think. In this article, you’ll be briefly introduced to the problem of water pollution and how it can have an effect on your health. You’ll then be provided with a list of diseases caused by water pollution that you should be on the lookout for.

By the time you’ve finished reading, you’ll be ready to recognize any health problems caused by water pollution and you’ll know what to do to take care of them—and to prevent them. Read on to learn more.

Jump To A Section!

Water Pollution

Water pollution is a huge problem around the world. You’ve probably heard this, but you might not have ever realized just how significant it really is. Fresh water is being polluted around the world, not just at the surface, but also as deep as groundwater too. Runoff from factories, pollution from dumping, and even the regular use of chemicals in agriculture and around the home contribute to the increase in water contamination around the world.

a huge problem around the world

https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2013/03/01/18/03/bottles-87342__340.jpg

Unfortunately, this leads to several illnesses caused by water pollution. It’s estimated that over 80% of the diseases spread worldwide come from water pollution and that nearly 2 billion deaths every year occur because of this major problem. With so many diseases caused by water contamination, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with the symptoms in order to recognize any potential problems before they get too bad. Below are thirty such diseases as well as their causes, risk factors, and more.

1. Cholera

Cholera

http://watertogo.eu/wp/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/CholeraBlog.jpg

Symptoms

  • Dehydration
  • ​Severe diarrhea
  • Stomach upset
  • Sometimes death

Cause

  • Bacteria found in polluted water
  • Ingesting water with bacteria present
  • Swimming in contaminated water with an open wound

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Lack of stomach acid
  • O blood type
  • Uncooked shellfish
  • Unsanitary conditions

Treatment

  • Get vaccinated against cholera.
  • Be sure to keep up with vaccinations.
  • Strict antibiotic treatment and hospitalization are the only treatment post-infection.

Prevention

  • Use treated water in your home at all times.
  • Use bottled or boiled water if your city has a boil water order.
  • Always wash unpeeled fruit and vegetables, even if you will peel them.
  • Avoid unpasteurized milk products.
  • Avoid undercooked shellfish.

2. Dracunculiasis

Exposure to the Guinea worm’s larvae in water

https://media.npr.org/assets/img/2013/10/24/ap040728023520_wide-fb90b850376c03a1c26e4f679b2ba9b197f9a2ba.jpg?s=1400

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Swelling and pain
  • Worms visible in welts on the skin
  • Itching, stinging and tingling skin
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Cause

  • Exposure to the Guinea worm’s larvae in water
  • The worm becomes an opportunistic parasite on the human body

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Ingesting untreated water especially found in nature
  • Living in an area where this infection is common
  • Swimming in contaminated water with open wounds

Treatment

  • Ibuprofen to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Topical antibiotics
  • Slowly pulling the worm out of the body over a period of days by using a sterile stick

Prevention

  • Always use clean, filtered water for every purpose.
  • If camping or otherwise spending time in nature, always bring a powerful water filter.
  • Boil water if no filter is available.

3. Typhoid

Bacteria that can be found in polluted water

https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/1e/8d/46/1e8d460568913c7e960d73988cfc7f2a.jpg

Symptoms

  • High fever
  • Stomach and headache
  • ​Weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation
  • Very rarely, internal bleeding​

Cause

  • Bacteria that can be found in polluted water
  • Food that has been contaminated by either drinking contaminated water or being grown with contaminated water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Traveling to countries in the developing world
  • Traveling to South Asia
  • Exposure to contaminated water that hasn’t been filtered or boiled

Treatment

  • Antibiotic treatment and hospitalization are the most common types of treatment for typhoid.
  • Ibuprofen for inflammation and pain may also be administered.

Prevention

  • Wash your hands frequently and don’t touch your eyes with dirty hands.
  • Don’t drink water from taps or make ice from this water in countries where typhoid is present.
  • Don’t eat raw or room temperature food in these countries.
  • Don’t eat unwashed food.

4. Diarrhea

Drinking water contaminated with bacteria

http://www.ideadigezt.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/184700934_wide.jpg

Symptoms

  • Watery, loose feces
  • Uncontrollable urge to go to the bathroom
  • Feces of strange colors or with significant bad smell

Cause

  • Drinking water contaminated with bacteria
  • Drinking water contaminated with chemicals

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Regularly drinking well water that isn’t filtered
  • Drinking or using water from a natural source without treatment
  • Eating food that hasn’t been washed, or that has been washed with contaminated water

Treatment

  • Treatment is usually rest and plenty of liquids.
  • Hospitalization may be required for severe dehydration.
  • Eating simple foods until the stomach settles is a priority with diarrhea.

Prevention

  • Always boil water or use bottled water if you aren’t sure of the quality.
  • Use a filter at home if you have well water or questionable city water.
  • Wash food with clean water.

5. Ulcers

type of irritation to the lining of the stomach or intestines

http://www.pluramed.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/bigstock-Abdominal-Pain-Man-Holds-His-64130791.jpg

Symptoms

  • Fullness in the stomach, even after eating very little
  • Frequent bloating and gas
  • Burning pain described as being in the “pit” of the stomach
  • Frequent heartburn and nausea

Cause

  • Any type of irritation to the lining of the stomach or intestines
  • Chemical pollutants in water, which can damage the lining of the stomach severely
  • Bacteria that may be present in water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequently drinking alcohol and smoking
  • Eating spicy foods often
  • Being high-stress much of the time
  • Combining any of these factors with consuming polluted water

Treatment

  • If caused by a bacteria, antibiotics
  • Medication that reduces the production of acid in the stomach
  • Antacids on a regular basis
  • Medication that protects the stomach’s lining

Prevention

  • Avoid contaminated water to reduce the risk of irritating the stomach or introducing a bacteria.
  • Do not use alcohol or tobacco regularly.
  • Eat mild foods.

6. Hepatitis

 matter to the human liver

https://phil.cdc.gov/phil_images/20030110/28/PHIL_2860_lores.jpg

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Yellow skin or eyes

Cause

  • The introduction of fecal matter into the body
  • A virus spread from fecal matter to the human liver

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Abuse of alcohol or tobacco significantly over time
  • Other drug use
  • Exposure to unsanitary conditions

Treatment

  • Hospitalization in order to keep the body hydrated
  • Rigid antibiotic treatment over time
  • Antiviral medication administered for a long period of time

Prevention

  • Vaccination against hepatitis from a young age
  • Avoiding unsanitary conditions
  • Always boiling or filtering water before use
  • Avoiding swimming in natural, untreated bodies of fresh water

7. Respiratory Infection

viruses in water

http://www.howtogetridofstuff.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/how-to-get-rid-of-coughs.png

Symptoms

  • Coughing or sneezing
  • Stuffy head
  • Headache and earache
  • Rattling in the chest
  • Difficulty breathing

Cause

  • Bacteria that may be ingested through contaminated water
  • Exposure to viruses in water that has been polluted with fecal matter
  • Exposure to chemicals in polluted water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Having a weak immune system due to disease or medication
  • Frequent respiratory infections in the past
  • Living in unsanitary conditions

Treatment

  • Antibiotic or antiviral medication
  • Plenty of rest and liquids
  • Hospitalization in some situations
  • Medication to break up mucus in some situations

Prevention

  • Avoid drinking water that hasn’t been filtered or boiled.
  • Avoid eating food that may have been prepared in unsanitary conditions.

8. Earaches

Exposure to viruses in water

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-vaDAbfUx4rKo32yBRGHOCg_ymmadXkhI-wnodemtF0mmpZ9kgLp0Von0fcjMHolOTZW=s127

Symptoms

  • Pain in the ear
  • Itching in the ear
  • Dizziness and nausea
  • Feeling of stuffiness in the head

Cause

  • Exposure to bacteria in contaminated water supplies
  • Exposure to viruses in water contaminated by fecal matter
  • Swimming in natural sources of water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequent earaches in the past
  • A weak immune system due to illness or medication
  • Very young children and the elderly are more likely to experience this effect of pollution.

Treatment

  • Most earaches are treated with antibiotics or antiviral medication.
  • Painkillers may be given to help with inflammation and pain.
  • Rest and drinking plenty of clean water can also help.

Prevention

  • Avoid drinking untreated water or water that hasn’t been boiled.
  • Avoid swimming in natural sources of fresh water that haven’t been treated

9. Fluorosis

Over-exposure to water

https://c1.staticflickr.com/6/5218/5498520897_89d857abca.jpg

Symptoms

  • Discoloration of the teeth
  • Deep pits in the teeth
  • Irregularities in the surface or color of the teeth

Cause

  • Over-exposure to water that has been treated with fluoride
  • Using fluoride treated toothpaste along with water that already contains too much fluoride
  • Sometimes referred to as “fluoride poisoning”

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Swallowing toothpaste instead of spitting it out
  • Using city water that has been over-treated
  • Drinking other liquids treated with fluoride, such as mouthwash

Treatment

  • Teeth-whitening procedures at the dentist’s office
  • Bonding the teeth with enamel
  • Veneers and crowns on the teeth

Prevention

  • Always filter city water before using.
  • Always spit out toothpaste and mouthwash instead of swallowing it.
  • Encourage children to spit out toothpaste even if it tastes good.

10. Arsenicosis

Drinking surface water

https://sunnarin.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/img_35461.jpg

Symptoms

  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Convulsions
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache

Cause

  • Drinking contaminated groundwater
  • Drinking surface water that has been contaminated with chemicals
  • Using rainwater without treatment

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequent exposure to contaminants at the workplace
  • Drink water from a well that is made of stone
  • Eating undercooked poultry

Treatment

  • Hospitalization
  • Removal of arsenic from blood through medication
  • Potassium supplements

Prevention

  • Avoid drinking water from stone wells without proper filtration or treatment
  • Always boil well water before use
  • Always thoroughly cook poultry before eating

11. Cancer

There are many causes of cancer

https://static.wixstatic.com/media/a57bdb_d47a578b0fc6416cba635c9a4c950819~mv2.jpg/v1/fill/w_284,h_361/a57bdb_d47a578b0fc6416cba635c9a4c950819~mv2.jpg

Symptoms

  • Depending on the type of cancer, symptoms may vary significantly.
  • Pain is one symptom that is associated with just about every type of cancer.

Cause

  • There are many causes of cancer.
  • Exposure to water that has been contaminated with runoff from nuclear power plants has been known to cause cancer in some individuals.

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Living near a nuclear power facility
  • Living near other types of industrial facilities
  • Drinking or swimming in water near these locations

Treatment

  • Treatment for cancer is not always effective.
  • Some treatments include radiation and chemotherapy.
  • Holistic treatments have been known to work in some instances.

Prevention

  • Always filter water before use.
  • Do not drink water sourced from near facilities that may cause runoff.
  • Do not eat fish that come from these sources.

12. Neurological Dysfunction

Drinking water contaminated with chemicals

http://anti-deprime.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/neural-pathways-221719_1280.jpg

Symptoms

  • Symptoms may be varied.
  • Nervousness
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Convulsions

Cause

  • Drinking water contaminated with chemicals
  • Drinking water contaminated with parasitic bacteria

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Weakened immune system from medication or illness
  • Exposure to chemicals in the workplace or at home

Treatment

  • Treatment varies depending on severity.
  • For some cases, antibiotic or antiviral treatment may suffice.
  • In some instances, surgery is required.

Prevention

  • Always wear a filtration mask when working with chemicals.
  • Always boil water or filter well before use.
  • Do not swim in or drink water from natural sources that may contain bacteria.

13. Liver Damage

Bacteria in water supplies

http://p.ocdn.ee/40/i/2017/4/3/j2sbbm5y.l2l.jpg

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Yellow skin or eyes

Cause

  • Bacteria in water supplies
  • Fecal matter in water supplies
  • Chemicals in water supplies

Factors that Increase Risk

  • A weakened immune system
  • Very young or very old age
  • Frequent use of drugs, tobacco, and alcohol

Treatment

  • Antiviral or antibiotic medication
  • Hydration
  • Stopping the use of alcohol
  • In rare, severe instances, liver transplant

Prevention

  • Only eat food prepared in sanitary conditions.
  • Reduce your intake of drugs and alcohol.
  • Use only clean, treated or boiled water.

14. Kidney Damage

caused by drinking water

http://s2.glbimg.com/sLA3G1RDg1MdretwjERun5pVaVs=/1200x630/s.glbimg.com/jo/g1/f/original/2015/11/08/coluna.jpg

Symptoms

  • Reduced urine levels
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Pain in the sides
  • Convulsions

Cause

  • Infection caused by drinking water polluted with bacteria
  • Allergic reaction to chemicals in water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Very young or very old age
  • Weakened immune system
  • Previous kidney infection
  • Certain medications

Treatment

  • For infection, treatment with aggressive antibiotics or antiviral medication may work.
  • Painkillers to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Dialysis may be required when kidney function is limited.
  • A kidney transplant may be required in extreme situations.

Prevention

  • Do not drink water from groundwater that may have been contaminated with chemical runoff.
  • Do not drink water from natural sources without filtration.

15. Thyroid Disorder

Exposure to certain chemicals in the water supply

http://www.nwpc.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/doctor-checking-thyroid-image.png

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Pain and inflammation

Cause

  • Exposure to certain chemicals in the water supply
  • Exposure to certain bacteria in the water supply

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Weakened immune system
  • Radiation treatments
  • Previous thyroid surgery
  • Certain medications

Treatment

  • Hormone replacement
  • Iodine
  • Surgery

Prevention

  • Avoid exposure to potentially contaminated water, especially if you already have a weak immune system.
  • Boil or filter water before use.

16. Endocrine Damage

Lesions caused by exposure to certain chemicals

https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/59/8e/6b/598e6ba3e334c4d3f9cef581ae81b688.jpg

Symptoms

  • Diabetes
  • Excessive hunger
  • Excessive thirst
  • Weight loss or gain
  • Frequent need to urinate
  • Swollen feet or hands
  • Joint aches

Cause

  • Lesions caused by exposure to certain chemicals
  • Hormone imbalance caused by chemical exposure
  • Infection from bacteria

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Existing diabetes
  • Exposure to chemicals and hormones in polluted water
  • Too much or too little iodine

Treatment

  • Depending on the type of endocrine disorder, treatment may vary significantly.
  • Medication is available to treat many endocrine disorders.
  • Hormone replacement may work in some cases.

Prevention

  • Eating healthy food and a balanced diet
  • Frequent blood tests to check for possible problems.

17. Malaria

Mosquitos that are infected with the malaria parasite

http://static1.businessinsider.com/image/542ec657eab8ea9e4e5c0cba-1200-800/2048px-anopheles_albimanus_mosquito.jpg

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Chills
  • Organ failure
  • Coma
  • In some instances, death

Cause

  • Mosquitos that are infected with the malaria parasite
  • Water in which this parasite can thrive

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Weakened immune system
  • Other existing illness
  • Very young or old age

Treatment

  • Medications to reduce symptoms
  • Medications to encourage the death of the parasite
  • Hospitalization is always required.

Prevention

  • Use mosquito nets in areas where malaria is present.
  • Use insect repellent in these areas.
  • Widespread prevention through commercial-grade insect repellant.

18. Schistosomiasis

parasites

http://blogs.plos.org/speakingofmedicine/files/2016/08/16172971503_f0eb5d64a5_o-263x300.jpg

Symptoms

  • Painful, bloody urine
  • Anemia
  • Swelling
  • Enlarged liver or spleen
  • Enlarged or inflamed bladder
  • Abdominal pain

Cause

  • Exposure to a certain type of freshwater snail in contaminated water
  • Exposure to parasites

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Children are more at risk than adults.
  • Poor medical treatment
  • Unsanitary conditions

Treatment

  • Medication to treat the infection and encourage death of the parasites
  • Experimental vaccine

Prevention

  • Education about the possibility of this disease
  • Avoiding unsanitary conditions when cooking and eating food
  • Avoiding polluted surface and groundwater sources

19. Trachoma

Bacteria in contaminated water

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Blepharitis.JPG/220px-Blepharitis.JPG

Symptoms

  • Irritation of the eyelid
  • Swelling of the eyelid
  • Dryness, itching or burning in the eye
  • Eventually, blindness

Cause

  • Bacteria present in contaminated water
  • Contact with someone else with trachoma

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Weakened immune system
  • Frequent exposure to untreated water
  • Swimming in natural water sources

Treatment

  • Antibiotic treatment
  • Surgery to correct swelling and eye deformity

Prevention

  • Avoid rubbing your eyes without washing your hands first.
  • Avoid swimming in natural fresh water.
  • Avoid drinking contaminated water.

20. HIV

through bodily fluids

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-E67q3jiJuB4/V8CBefNWuQI/AAAAAAAAQdk/zQPn7s3UvcgaGSqHMpo-JrxzlzkHEb7cACJoC/w2048-h1361/HIV-budding-Color.jpg

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Coughing
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Trouble swallowing

Cause

  • Transmitted through bodily fluids
  • Water exposed to feces, blood or urine
  • Note: It is important to realize that polluted water is not a direct cause of HIV but may lead to this disease developing in some individuals.

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Exposure to bodily fluids
  • Exposure to unsanitary conditions, particularly such as dirty needles

Treatment

  • Anti-retroviral treatment can decrease the chance of HIV progressing to AIDS and reduce the effects of this disease.

Prevention

  • Avoid contact with contaminated water.
  • Avoid contact with dirty needles.
  • Avoid unprotected sex.

21. Dengue Fever

Bites from mosquitos and other animals carrying this illness

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/ff/Dengue_fever_symptoms.svg/2000px-Dengue_fever_symptoms.svg.png

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Chills and fever
  • Weakness
  • Rashes
  • Easy bleeding and bruising

Cause

  • Bites from mosquitos and other animals carrying this illness
  • Water exposed to this illness from animals

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Having previously had dengue fever
  • A weakened immune system

Treatment

  • Pain relievers for inflammation and pain
  • Fluid administration for dehydration
  • Hospitalization

Prevention

  • Avoid areas where water is contaminated either on the surface or below ground.
  • Always treat water before use.
  • Do not eat food prepared in unsanitary conditions.

22. Dysentery

Bacteria or amoeba present in contaminated water

https://doctorstoyou.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/ts_140611_child_stomach_ache_800x600-1.jpg

Symptoms

  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal pain

Cause

  • Bacteria or amoeba present in contaminated water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Weakened immune system
  • Frequent exposure to contaminated water
  • Eating food that might also be contaminated

Treatment

  • Hospitalization
  • IV fluids for dehydration
  • Antibiotics

Prevention

  • Cleaning up drinking water sources
  • Proper hygiene and care of food during cooking and storage

23. Lead Poisoning

Too much lead present in drinking water

https://cdn.pixabay.com/photo/2014/12/04/15/07/drink-556764_960_720.jpg

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Neurological changes
  • Convulsions
  • Irritability
  • In some cases, death

Cause

  • Too much lead present in drinking water
  • Lead present in other sources, such as paint

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Living in an area where lead paint was previously used in homes
  • Frequent exposure to lead at work
  • Very young age

Treatment

  • Medication to remove lead from the blood
  • Treatment of individual symptoms

Prevention

  • Avoid exposure to lead as much as possible.
  • Always filter your water, even if it comes from the city.
  • Check your children’s toys for lead paint.

24. Polio

Water contaminated with the polio virus

http://www.noticiaoaxaca.mx/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/carrera-oaxaca-polio.jpg

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Low muscle development in children

Cause

  • Water contaminated with the polio virus
  • Food contaminated with the polio virus

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Contact with someone who has polio
  • Very young or very old age
  • Weakened immune system

Treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Rest and fluids

Prevention

  • Practice good hygiene.
  • Avoid drinking water or eating food that may be contaminated.

25. Intestinal Parasites

Exposure to parasites in food or drinking water

https://edc2.healthtap.com/ht-staging/user_answer/avatars/464853/large/open-uri20121030-2305-1icoev.jpeg?1386604221

Symptoms

  • Stomach upset
  • Bloating and gas
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea and constipation

Cause

  • Exposure to parasites in food or drinking water
  • Being bitten by a mosquito or other animal exposed to contaminated water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequent stomach upset or existing gastric condition
  • Eating spicy foods
  • Certain medications

Treatment

  • Medication to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Fluid treatment for diarrhea
  • Medication to treat constipation

Prevention

  • Avoid areas where water is very dirty or obviously contaminated.
  • Always filter water even if it comes from the city.
  • Always boil or filter well water.

26. Pink Eye

present in drinking water

https://i.ytimg.com/vi/VRJtFQGtLlU/maxresdefault.jpg

Symptoms

  • Inflammation of the eye
  • Itching and redness of the eye
  • Discharge from the eye

Cause

  • Bacteria present in drinking water
  • Viruses present in drinking water
  • Exposure to someone else with pink eye

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Children are at a greater risk than adults.
  • Frequent contact with others who have pink eye

Treatment

  • Antibiotics
  • Steroid treatment
  • Cold compresses
  • Time (may heal on its own)

Prevention

  • Avoid rubbing eyes without washing hands first.
  • Avoid contact with contaminated water supplies.

27. Polyomavirus

Bites from animals and birds exposed to the virus

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/34/Polyomavirus_nephropathy_-_high_mag.jpg/1024px-Polyomavirus_nephropathy_-_high_mag.jpg

Symptoms

  • Kidney problems or failure
  • Respiratory infection
  • Tumors

Cause

  • Bites from animals and birds exposed to the virus
  • Exposure to contaminated water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Existing cancer
  • Existing illness
  • Previous serious infection

Treatment

  • Antiviral medication
  • Hospitalization
  • Treatment of individual symptoms

Prevention

  • Avoid unsanitary conditions when preparing food or water.
  • Always boil water or filter before using.
  • Clean all animal bites and receive treatment.

28. Vomiting

Exposure to bacteria that cause illness in water supplies

https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/jTU0AHLhhEbcCdRSrPRcknrrXljc964YanZCn1wQVoiFisDX8hB6mEuXzeozMqvYssX0Spc=s127

Symptoms

  • Nausea
  • Frequent or infrequent vomiting

Cause

  • Exposure to irritants in water sources, such as chemicals
  • Exposure to bacteria that cause illness in water supplies

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Chronic stomach upset or conditions
  • Frequent “weak” stomach
  • Eating spicy foods

Treatment

  • Rest
  • Fluid administration in some situations
  • Medication to reduce the feeling of nausea

Prevention

  • Avoid drinking or swimming in contaminated water sources.
  • Avoid water sources near factories or other causes of runoff.

29. Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Inflammation of the stomach lining

http://imgs.weekendhk.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/-2017-03-02-7.27.43_13169755958b801bc0d209.jpg

Symptoms

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Frequent bloating and gas
  • Heartburn
  • Indigestion

Cause

  • Inflammation of the stomach lining
  • Consuming chemically polluted water

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequent stomach upset
  • Eating foods that may be difficult to digest
  • Frequent exposure to chemicals in food and water

Treatment

  • Medications to treat individual symptoms
  • Altering diet

Prevention

  • Eat mild foods.
  • Always use clean water.
  • Filter water from the city or from wells.
  • Bring along a water filter if you’ll be getting your water from a natural source.

30. Stomach Cramps

Exposure to bacteria in water supplies

http://asset.dr.dk/ImageScaler/?file=%2Fimages%2Farticle%2F2014%2F03%2F03%2Fmavekneb_64ccb552.jpg&server=www.dr.dk

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Feeling of needing to go to the bathroom often

Cause

  • Exposure to bacteria in water supplies
  • Exposure to chemicals in water supplies

Factors that Increase Risk

  • Frequent stomach upset
  • Eating foods that are hard to digest
  • Stress

Treatment

  • Medications to treat the symptoms of stomach cramps
  • Altering diet

Prevention

  • Always filter water before drinking.
  • Stay away from foods that generally cause stomach upset.
  • Do not consume hormone-treated foods.

Conclusion

As you can see, it’s more likely than you might think to come down with a disease caused by water pollution. It’s best to try to take steps to prevent this possibility, but if you notice yourself or someone you love coming down with the symptoms of any of these diseases, be sure to look into possible treatment.

The more you keep an eye on your health when it comes to water pollution, the better off you’ll be. You’ll be able to recognize problems before they arise, and you’ll be safer overall.

BONUS VIDEO!