Water is one of the most momentous world resources and is exceptionally crucial in all aspects of life. Water is our life blood, yet water pollution is one of the most critical environmental concerns people face today.
In view of that, what is water pollution? Water pollution is the contamination of water sources and can emanate from a number of different causes, it basically damages the quality of water.
According to UNICEF’s water pollution facts, polluted water is the second most urgent environmental trouble the world has today, it only tailed behind air pollution. Also, more than 3000 children die every day universally due to consumption of contaminated water.
Imaginably the heaviest point among all the facts about water pollution is that the causes of water pollution are primarily man made.
Several water pollution articles mentioned how serious the world’s problem in water pollution is. The effects of water pollution can be shattering and can have harshly undesirable impacts on animals, social health and the surroundings as a whole.
To know more about the gravity of water contamination, here is a roll that tips you off regarding the various types of water pollution, how to prevent water pollution and a collection of water pollution solutions as well:
Viruses are the tiniest form of micro-organisms adept in producing disease. They are contagious organisms that are invisible to the human eye. These bugs are ordinarily hosted into the sources of water through animal or human fecal and urine matters.
The most suitable treatment for this kind of pollutant is the ultraviolet water purification. It works efficiently in disabling viruses which prevents them from reproducing and making people ill.
Bacteria are characteristically single-celled micro-organisms that can also cause health troubles in not just humans but also with animals and plants. Like viruses, bacteria are commonly introduced into the sources of water through animal or human fecal and urine matters.
Bacterium such as Escherichia coli can cause short-term health effects and may pose as a bigger danger for people with weak immune systems like the elderly and children.
Most ceramic water filters are efficient at eliminating bacteria, these ceramics have conventionally been used all over the world to treat household water to inhibit the growth of bacteria within the filter itself.
Ammonia is a colorless, vaporous compound with a strong distinct scent. This natural product is imperative to plant and animal life, however, toxic levels of ammonia in water can lead to bone and kidney impairment for humans. Toxic levels of ammonia in bodies of water are normally a consequence of improper waste disposal.
Ammonia water treatment largely comprises of
destroying it chemically by chlorination.
Metals are inorganic matters that happen naturally in geological formations. Hint amounts of metals go into the water sources as rain drips through rocks or plumbing lines. Exposure to metal contaminated water may cause chronic or acute poisoning which may eventually lead to kidney damage and blood disorders. This water contamination is fatal to infants and children.
The best way to reduce metals in drinking water is reverse osmosis, studies show that this water filtration method can remove
94% to 98% of the metals at the point-of-use.
Fertilizers are not considered as water pollutants if used precisely. If you use too much fertilizer or apply it at the incorrect time, it can straightforwardly wash off your garden into storm drains and then flow untreated into lakes which then produces nitrates in drinking water. Pregnant and babies are specifically susceptible to nitrate related health problems.
Reverse osmosis methods or water distillation
can cure water sources that have fertilizers.
These pollutants are mainly introduced to bodies of water through human activities. Plastics floats easily so it can travel vast distances across oceans and they do not break down organically in the environment that is why this type of water pollution has been a problem since ages ago.
The most convenient solution for this kind of water pollution is to use the cloth filtration where a cotton cloth or a thrown away
garment is used as the filter medium.
Pharmaceutical drugs as pollutants come from in appropriate disposal of unused or out of date medicines by flushing them down the drain or toilet.Whichever, they do not peter out, instead, they pervade the water supplies.
Reverse osmosis techniques and ultra-filtration are excellent choices to remove antibiotics and other drugs from the water source.
Perchlorate is a man-made mixture of natural bases that is used in the manufacture of fire-works and explosives. This water pollutant is a toxin and contact to perchlorate in drinking water can detriment the body’s production of hormones needed for mental and physical development.
It is often an indication of industrial pollution and improper chemical disposal when there is perchlorate in the bodies of water.
Perchlorate as a fuel oxygenate is terribly tough to exterminate. However, reverse osmosis water treatment systems can
provide a 95% decline rate of perchlorate.
Suspended matters in water are particles that are larger than 2 microns found in the water pillar. These are undissolved items that influence water turbidity.
Turbidity gives the water a hazy appearance that looks like a dirty residue.
Rusco sediment filter systems are an outstanding preference to decrease turbidity. Reverse osmosis and UV purification
systems may also be used, however, it must first be
fixed with a sediment filter to lessen the turbidity.
Pesticides are substances used to repel certain forms of plant or animal life that are considered to be pests. These pollutants can enter groundwater as a result of agricultural runoff.
Activated carbon filtration is the most effective technique to remove organics whether synthetic or natural in drinking water.
Oil in bodies of water is introduced by humans through routine shipping and from the oil people pour down on drains.
You can use an oil adsorbing filter that is available in shops,
this product removes dissolved and dispersed
oils from water instantaneously.
Cleaning agents in public water supplies usually indicates the likelihood of improper operation of the treatment methods.
Purification through chlorine can remove low levels of detergent.
It can be treated through reverse osmosis water filtration system which will eradicate 95-98% of any radioactivity in the drinking water.
Water that has a pH level of less than 7.0 is deliberated as acidic. This imbalance is frequently produced by industrial pollutants, decomposing plant resources or rain that has fallen through a dirty atmosphere.
Acidic water can be neutralized by filtering it through
calcite, corosex, or a mixture of the two.
Sodium Chloride is one of the most common impurities found in tap water, it is normally the effect of salt water interruption, road salt runoff and sewage runoffs. Drinking with sodium chloride water pollution causes high blood pressure and affect those with heart ailments.
Reverse osmosis water filtration systems will eliminate sodium chloride from drinking water because of their salt refusal abilities.
VOC are man-made chemical compounds and when they are found in water it is often a sign of a chemical spill or industrial pollution from an engineering site. VOC escalate the risk for liver cancer.
The best choice for removal of volatile organic chemicals is
Activated carbon filtration. The adsorption capability of
the carbon will differ with each type of VOC.
Calcium in water is the major cause of water hardness. Calcium in water occurs when water saturates through limestone or other soluble carbonate rocks. Calcium in water does not have hostile health influences. However, hard water does distress everything else in your home.
Calcium can be easily eliminated with a water softener system.
Water pollution doesn't have to be the end all of your water drinking habits. Getting a great water filtration system for you and your home will certainly give you options and solutions for almost every situation under the sun (or in your water for that matter).