Water pollution is a very serious problem that affects the whole world. Even if you’ve never come into contact with polluted water yourself, there are plenty of people around you who have. You might not even realize it if you encounter polluted water unless you’re unlucky enough to become ill from contact with it. Polluted water exists all over the world, and the causes of water pollution are many. When you learn more about water pollution, you’ll be better able to recognize it and help take care of it before it gets too out of hand.
There are several types of water pollution you should be on the lookout for. Each one presents itself in different ways, but it always pays to pay attention. If you notice any problems, get in touch with your local water company or your local government to point them out. You might also reach out to environmental groups in your area.
Bacterial pollution – This is one of the most common types of water pollution around the world. Anywhere conditions are unsanitary and water is untreated, bacterial pollution is sure to be present. This can lead to the spread of waterborne illnesses and diseases like cholera, typhoid, dysentery, and hepatitis, among many others. This is similar to parasitic pollution, but it’s not quite the same.
Radioactive pollution – Especially in areas where radioactive waste is present, radioactive pollution can exist in water. Radon gas in water may lead to increased risks of cancer and organ failure in individuals who drink it regularly. It may also cause skin irritation when used for washing.
Heavy metal pollution – Heavy metals are always present in water sources, but they aren’t always pollutants. When they are present in high levels, however, they can cause poisoning. Arsenic and lead are two of the most common of these heavy metals. They exist naturally in rocks that filter groundwater, but when fracking or mining expose them too much, they can cause pollution very quickly.
Nutrient pollution –Water is treated with essential nutrients, but sometimes they can be present in levels that are too high. When this happens, they may cause poisoning in humans and animals, and they almost always cause problems for the surrounding environment. Nutrient pollution can lead to widespread fish death, which in turn causes plants, birds, and mammals to die off in the area too.
Learning about water pollution is very important. When more people understand the problems associated with pollution and just how easy it is for water to become polluted, practices may change and the quality of water around the world may improve. Educate yourself as much as you can about these issues, and don’t be afraid to speak to the people you know and encourage them to make some healthier changes in the way they treat their water, too. The more you know, the more you’ll be able to talk to people in charge of local factories, agricultural sites, and governmental agencies to encourage them to adopt safer water practices as well.