Water treatment is a process through which water is cleaned up and improved for use in a variety of different circumstances. You might think water treatment is only for facilities that handle large water supplies for whole cities and counties, but there are ways you can improve the quality of water in your own home by incorporating water treatment into your own household’s system. Treated water may be used for drinking, cooking, cleaning, swimming, irrigation, and industrial purposes. Different treatments may be required for different uses.
The main types of treated water you’re likely to deal with in your own home are alkaline water, distilled water, purified water, and softened water. There are home treatment options available for each one of these to help improve the quality of water you use every day. The best way to figure out the right path for your home water treatment is to have your water tested by a qualified laboratory. These tests can tell you about the pH balance of your water and they can also let you know if you’ve got any chemicals, heavy metals, or bacteria building up in your supply.
Aeration – Dissolved iron and manganese present in water can be removed through aeration. This is a process in which water is circulated at a high rate until particles present in the water dissolve into the air.
Pre-chlorination – This is simply adding chlorine in small, safe amounts to water sources to prevent algal blooms from growing. This can also cut back on some types of bacteria in the water. This is the best way to keep cholera, typhoid, and other waterborne illnesses from spreading.
Coagulation – This process thickens the water to assist in slow sand filtration. This can remove sediments as well as certain bacteria and parasites from the water source.
Filtration – Depending on the water treatment facility, different types of filtration may be used. However, the end result is always the same: water that has been stripped of its contaminants by passing through a filter media component.
Sedimentation – This is the removal of solids suspended in water. Dirt, sand, dead insects, and plant matter present in water sources can be removed through this process.
Disinfection –Last but not least, water from municipal treatment facilities is disinfected to remove bacteria, parasites, viruses, and other pathogens present.
Depending on where you live and what you’ll be using your water for, water treatment may vary significantly. If you’ll be using water for drinking and cooking, it’s likely to go through all of these processes. However, if water is intended for irrigation or industrial use, it might not need to be treated so heavily before it can be utilized. Since chlorine isn’t as safe to drink as it is to simply come into contact with, water for swimming and recreational use may be more heavily chlorinated than water meant for drinking. Of course, if you have a personal well on your property instead of a city or county water line, you’ll need to find a way to treat the water you use yourself.