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Finding the best well water filter systems is no easy feat, but is definitely worth looking up if you’re not sourcing your water from the stored municipal source, or if you’re generally concerned with the purity of your water. Well water, which depends on several conditions affecting the water supply in the locality, may have a different smell and taste once it’s in its storage tank, making it less than ideal for daily consumption.
Just being around it lets you realize how horrid it can be. The rank smell is not quite the same as sewage, but can turn anyone’s stomach, especially the stench that comes from old wells. However, filtering well water will readily solve that problem, and essentially save you money in the long run if you choose this method of providing water for your home, over buying bottled water or sourcing it from a cooler supply company.
Whole House Filtration Systems For Well Water on Amazon
Many filters can be easily installed individually in kitchen and bathroom sinks to remove any undesirable substances. However, it is possible to opt for a whole house filtration system instead, which involve putting together individual filters for contaminants—a carbon filter, a chlorinator, a particle filter—into one unified, seamless filter model.
These are typically attached to the pressurized holding tank underneath your home. A whole house filtration system is also often called the point-of-entry system.
Simple Point-Of-Use Well Water Filter Solutions on Amazon
On the other hand, if you do not have time for such a complex, though rewarding, filter system, you can always choose to place the major filters with the said tank, but add an individual sediment filter for particles per tap.
These are called point-of-use systems, and the NSF accounts for a range in these filter devices, from faucet mount filters, to refrigerator filter systems for ice and drinking water, to personal water bottles. The problem with point-of-use filter systems is that you will have to individually measure and fix these filters to fit your faucets and taps perfectly to ensure cleanliness, which can be quite time-consuming.
Alternatively, if you’re only concerned with the mineral deposits in your bathroom, you can opt for a shower filter attached to the shower head. These shower filters also reduce chlorine content.
Well Water Contaminants
So, why should we be filtering well water to begin with? What exactly is present in your well water? You’d be surprised to know that there may be a whole slew of organisms in there as well as some other dangerous unmentionables. For the most part, it’s best to be aware of the regular offenders.
According to The University of Minnesota, clear water can still contain bacteria in large amounts. This is a great reason to consider a reliable filter. These bacteria are responsible for the horrid smell that emanates from the well. They can be very hard to eliminate. Well water may smell off because of local factors which affect the nearest source of water. Water filters can treat these conditions by using granular activated carbon in combination with a chlorinator for the bacteria. Carbon neutralizes unpleasant tastes and odors and though the water may be a bit cloudy for the first two weeks after changing the filter, this does not affect water potability and can be removed by running the water for a few seconds before pouring out some for consumption.
Here are some common contaminants and how they are often treated:
Contaminants #1: Bacteria, amoebae and parasites
Bacterial contamination is a more persistent problem even in clean water, and especially so if there is a risk from nearby sewage and waste leakage. Not all bacteria cause an offensive taste and odor, but these are still harmful to one’s health—thankfully there are many water filters which effectively kill bacteria and other parasites for safe consumption. Whole house filtration system reviews indicate that adding a chlorinator to the set-up also serves the same function, but will then require removal of chlorine, usually through your installed reverse osmosis filters
Contaminant #2: Lead
A common metal contaminant, lead is tasteless, odorless, and usually contaminates water because of old, rusted municipal pipes. Nevertheless, for health reasons, lead should be avoided. There are lead filters that can be installed directly under sinks, assuring removal from your drinking water.
Contaminant #3: Sediment
Sand and iron may be common sediments which affect the water as visible particles in your glass, and can collect even in the screens of your faucet aerator or at the bottom of a drinking glass. These are easily removed with sediment filters to remove the particles and protect your health, your faucets and appliances. Iron can affect the hardness of drinking water, hence it is necessary to choose the best water softener filter to remove it. Some filter softener set-ups encourage a double sediment filter: one to catch larger particles like small pebbles or grit, and a second one for finer material.
Testing Kits on Amazon
As you can see there are tons of dangerous elements present in your average well water, so how do you know if your water quality is sub par in the first place? A great test kit will definitely help you out.
If your well water is from a private source, it may be necessary to first make use of a reliable test kit before you can determine the best whole house filtration system. Several test kits involve checking the parasite or heavy metal content of the water, as well as bacteria or mold.
To choose proper systems to use, it may be necessary to customize your system based on the results of those tests.
Aeration Filters on Amazon
A filter aerator system is also worth looking into as a green solution to your water cleanliness problems. The Pure Water Gazette points out that if you’re concerned about dissolved gases in your water from a nearby farm or plant, or even just from a natural local source, a well water aerator tank can remove dissolved radon, methane and carbon dioxide which may make your water smell or taste unpleasant. Aeration can also remove dissolved iron and manganese through precipitation. These types of filters also effective at removing many common industrial solvents.
Well Water Softeners Systems on Amazon
Whole house filtration systems don’t necessarily have to change water hardness or softness. However, the high mineral content of hard water may create unwanted mineral deposits in your faucets, tub and toilet, becoming a nuisance. Hard water is still potable, but it is advisable that you use filters with cation exchange resin to soften that water and prevent long-term appliance and boiler damage, and provide you with the best water possible.
According to the NSF, the cation exchange resin filter is regenerated with sodium chloride or potassium choloride, and removes the excess calcium or magnesium that would cause that water hardness. Regular maintenance of the resin regeneration, as with all parts of a whole house filtration system, is a must. There are essentially no cons to installing a resin filter in this instance; if your water is just that hard, a whole house filtration system that softens the incoming water will protect your home items and pipes for longer use without replacement and minimal maintenance.
UV Light Sterilizer Water Purifiers on Amazon
Some consultants are increasingly recommending the use of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation for systems even in ordinary homes. Commonly used in medical sanitation, UV lamps purify water without the use of chemicals by killing microbes. They are comparatively lower in cost. Filter maintenance only requires changing the cartridge that comes with it from time to time, as well as the annual replacement of the lamp. Some people choose to use this instead to avoid contaminating their immediate surroundings with chlorine, which is being increasingly regulated by environmental protection agencies everywhere as a waste product. It also does not make the water smell or taste foul, unlike chlorine or using other chemicals to purify water.
An ultraviolet lamp is an option even in point-of-use systems, as you can readily source a lamp specifically for the use of a drinking tap, making it a more feasible solution for those who need to filter water on a tight budget. Attaching it to a point-of-use system also allows you to easily regulate the flow of water from the source to the exit point, which will allow you to avoid the con listed below. The con to using only a UV lamp is that the water needs to be strictly regulated. If the flow rate is too high, the water will pass through the lamp without sufficient exposure to UV rays to kill microbes. However, if the flow rate is too low, heat may build up on the system and damage the UV lamp.
Suggested Set-Up For Well Water Filtration At Home
Whole house filtration system products should ideally integrate a variety of filters based on your test results. Here’s a rundown of what should be included in a point-of-entry whole house filtration system based on what’s been mentioned above:
- First, a sediment whole house filtration system to trap and separate large particles like sand and rust
- A chlorinator whole house filtration system if you’re extra concerned about bacterial content
- An activated carbon whole house filtration system which will then remove the unpleasant taste and smell of chlorine, as well as other organic contaminants in the water
- A resin whole house filtration system filter to regulate water softness
- A reverse osmosis whole house filtration system to remove salt and other brackishness in the water
Optionally, an ultraviolet lamp will ensure that if there are other microbes which escape your whole house filtration system, they will be eliminated by these strong rays—so you may choose to integrate this instead and ditch the other filter systems. Such a set-up would look something like this:
- First, a sediment whole house filtration system filter
- Next, the resin whole house filtration system filter to make the water softer
- An ultraviolet lamp whole house filtration system
- Finally, a reverse osmosis whole house filtration system
You may think that point-of-use filter systems are ultimately less fiddly and require less planning to execute in the home—and they usually are, if you’re sourcing water from a tap in an urban area or from a municipal source. But if you’re getting your water from a well, it will save you trouble in the long run to choose whole house filtration system and deal with only one point of entry to enjoy clean water throughout the entire home.
Is It Worth the Trouble?
All of this is a small price to pay compared to the frustration you’ll face from removing bacteria, unwanted mineral deposits and dangerous substances from hard water or going to the hospital because you drank unsafe water. Whatever whole house filtration system you choose to integrate in your home, proper storage of the filtered, decontaminated water is necessary, as once the chlorinated water has been degassed or the water is no longer exposed to ultraviolet rays, recontamination is possible if it is not placed in a sanitary environment. Once you follow these tips, you’ll have all the knowledge you need to integrate a well-made whole house filtration system for your humble abode.
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