Tired of waiting on that pitcher filter? Maybe it’s time you tried an under-sink water system.
Rather than waiting for the filtering process to complete, under-sink water filters give filtered drinking water on demand. They are superior to pitcher filters because they have a filter capacity of hundreds of gallons and may last for half a year or more, compared to typical pitcher filters. They use water pressure rather than gravity to drive water through the filter, allowing them to eliminate a wider spectrum of possible pollutants.
Sure, they’re more expensive up front, and they take up storage space in your sink cabinet that could be utilized for something else. If your sink already has a hole for a separate faucet the job will be pretty simple. If it doesn’t, you’ll have to either drill a hole in the sink or remove a dishwasher or handheld sprayer nozzle. Is it worth the trouble? Some would think so because of the quality of water filtration under-sink systems can provide.
Installing a water filter beneath a kitchen sink will filter water at the source. These filters can cleanse a limitless amount of water at any time. This provides you with filtered cold drinking water for all purposes while the hot water remains the same as before.
In this post, you’ll discover an in-depth assessment of each of these fantastic under-sink filter systems, along with our own useful insights to help you make your selection.
***UNDER SINK WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM: Under Sink Water Filter.
See our top choices here:
- Our Top Pick – iSpring RCC7AK Under Sink System
- Great Compact Choice – Epic Smart Shield Under Sink Filter System
- Great Value – Culligan US-EZ-4 EZ-Change Undersink System
- For Larger Capacity – iSpring 5-Stage Prestige Drinking Water Filter System
Our Choice Recommendation: iSpring RCC7AK Under Sink Reverse Osmosis System
- Certified to NSF/ANSI 58, 6-Stage Alkaline Remineralization Layered Filtration - Exclusively designed to restore...
- GREAT-TASTING MINERAL WATER - A standard 5 stage RO system produces slightly acidic water with a pH of 7. 0 or...
- LOW MAINTENANCE - Transparent 1st stage housing for easy visual inspection. Three extra long life pre-filters to...
When you need an undersink filter that functions through reverse osmosis and can clean and filter your water with a powerful process, look no further than the iSpring RCC7AK 6-Stage Superb Taste High Capacity Under Sink Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Filter System . This offer is a heavy-duty filter that is nevertheless still designed to fit under your kitchen sink and provide you with easy access to clean, fresh water any time you and your family need it. This choice can filter up to 99% of many known contaminants, including bacteria, sodium, hard water minerals like calcium and magnesium, chlorine, arsenic, and much more. Whether you’re looking for something to help you deal with heavy metal contaminants or you just want something to make your water taste better, this water product is sure to have everything you need and much more.
***EFFECTIVE ON-TAP PURIFIERS: Best Faucet Water Filter.
- Since the reverse osmosis process can remove some beneficial minerals from the water supply, this offer includes a final stage that adds these back in and keeps your water healthier and better for you and your family to enjoy.
- It’s easy to install this choice on your own, and if you have trouble with it, you can contact the company any time to help you with troubleshooting.
- It only takes a few hours for the tank to be filled initially so you can start enjoying fresher water in almost no time.
- Some filters have been known to develop cracks easily inside the under-sink kitchen filtration canister portions of the product.
- Many customers have reported the faucet that comes with this option system developing a leak very early on, even when installed correctly and used appropriately.
- In some cases, the water from this under-sink kitchen filtration has been known to taste a little metallic or sharp.
Option #2. CuZn UC-200 Under-Sink Water Filter
- Incredible Capacity and Lifespan, Up to 5 Years per Filter; CuZn Backs the UC-200’s Long Lasting Performance With...
- Simple to Install; The UC-200 is Designed for Direct Connect to the main Kitchen Sink Cold Water Line; No Drilling...
- 3 Stage Filtration Process Utilizing Micro Sediment Membranes, KDF-55 and Coconut Shell Carbon; the UC-200 Will Not...
Think of the CuZn UC-200 Under-Sink Water Filter as one of your options. This option is a great choice for any family looking to take care of under-sink kitchen filtration needs on municipal water supplies. All you have to do to hook up this option is install it on your existing cold water line in the kitchen, and it only takes a few short minutes to complete this process. In no time, you’ll have cold, clear, filtered water right out of your kitchen faucet with none of the hassle of more complicated water filter kitchen filtration systems.
- It’s easy and simple to install this offer without the need for any complicated or difficult tools other than a wrench for tightening purposes.
- This option provides three stages of under-sink kitchen filtration for a powerful product in a small size.
- This offer is designed to resist the growth of both mold and bacteria inside the product, making it safer and cleaner than ever before.
- Some customers report disliking the aftertaste of the water when this choice is installed, although this is open to interpretation.
- Some customers have had trouble with the installation process and have noticed this option leaking right after it’s been installed.
- In some instances, this offer may not fit the existing plumbing in your kitchen, although this is very uncommon.
Option #3. APEC WFS-1000 Under-Sink Water Filtration System
- High quality, designed, engineered and assembled in the USA; System built with US MADE super capacity filters for...
- Effectively remove chemicals (i.e. chlorine), taste and odors. NOT designed for TDS removal
- Premium long-lasting filters used to treat tap water, well water. Provide unlimited refreshing water. Feed Water...
The APEC WFS-1000 Super Capacity Premium Quality 3 Stage Under-Sink Water Filtration System is an option that is sure to make your home’s water much cleaner, healthier, and better-tasting than ever before. This offer features three separate under-sink kitchen filtration chambers that allow your water to be cleaned and filtered thoroughly before it ever comes out of your tap. And since it’s designed to fit under your kitchen sink, this option is not only easy to use but also much easier to install than some of the other whole-house options on the market today. Best of all, the product features tubing that is certified by the FDA to be food-safe.
- This choice comes with five feet of tubes so it’s easy to install just about anywhere and under just about any sink.
- This choice includes lifetime support from the company, so if you ever have a problem, question, or concern, you can get in touch with APEC and they will help you solve the issue no matter how long you’ve had your filter installed.
- This option comes with a new faucet to install in your kitchen sink that is designed specifically to work with this choice and contains no lead, making it a safe option as well as a convenient one.
- Many customers have reported having a lot of trouble getting the faucet installed tightly enough to work without developing a leak early on, and some customers have had to hire a handyman to take care of this problem.
- The included instructions may not be thorough enough for all customers to follow easily, especially those who are inexperienced with this type of installation.
- In some instances, the water from this faucet and filter may taste strange or may have a noticeable salty taste, especially if you also have a water softener installed in your home.
Option #4. iSpring 5-Stage Prestige Drinking Water Filter System
- Great tasting water-A standard 5 stage RO system produces slightly acidic water with a pH of 7.0 or below,Converts...
- Fits under most kitchen sinks-1. System does not require any power source. 2. It has a check valve to prevent the...
- ISPRING products are designed in the United States and produced in strict accordance with American quality...
Sometimes, you need an product with a larger capacity for a household with several people in it. Of course, just because you want a bigger filter, that doesn’t necessarily mean you want it to be any more complicated than it has to be! If this sounds like you, then take a look at the iSpring 5-Stage Prestige Top Purity Under Sink Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Filter System . This option can filter up to 99% of over a thousand types of contaminants including heavy metals, pollutants, chemicals, bacteria, sodium, and much more. And since it’s a reverse osmosis system, it’s a little bit more powerful than some of the others out there, too. With five stages to help your water be as clean as it possibly can be, this offer is ready to keep your family hydrated in a healthy way.
- It only takes a couple of hours to set up this choice on your own, and you can always contact the company for assistance if necessary during the process.
- The water filter comes with its own faucet that fits this option tubing and is easy to install in your existing kitchen sink as well.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration is certified in its ability to clean up and filter the water in your home and is designed to function well for years after it is installed.
- The canisters housing this offer components have been known to develop cracks and leaks easily on this choice, even when it’s used as it should be and installed correctly.
- Rarely, some customers have had trouble getting in touch with the iSpring company when they need assistance with this option.
- Some customers feel that the water from this offer tastes worse than it does from the tap.
Option #5. Aquasana Under Sink Filter System
- Instantly Transform Ordinary Tap Water Into Clean, Extraordinary Water - Removes up to 99% of 77 contaminants while...
- High Flow Rate - This system powers through a half-gallon of water every minute. No need to wait for clean water...
- Cost Efficient & Long Lasting - The most economical filter on the market at less than 10 cents per gallon filtered....
For an under-sink kitchen filtration option that provides a fast water flow rate and is easy to install, too, check out the Aquasana 3-Stage Max Flow Under Sink Filter System . This offer can remove up to 99% of many known contaminants, including chemicals and pesticides, heavy metals, lead, and many others. And since it doesn’t work on reverse osmosis, there’s no need to add anything back into the water when it’s completed its process. Simply filter the water through the three-stage system and enjoy clean, clear, fresh water from your kitchen faucet whenever you need it. This is a small but powerful little water filter system that can be easily hooked up in a short amount of time whether you have previous experience with this type of product installation or not.
- This choice comes with a new faucet that is specifically designed to work with the tubing and fittings required for this choice system itself.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration is designed to prevent contaminants from getting back into your water supply as the water filters through the system.
- Everything that comes into contact with your water in this under-sink kitchen filtration setup is food-safe and lead-free.
- Although this option says it comes with a Bluetooth app function, the function doesn’t really do anything to control this option or maintain any aspect of it, and so many customers feel that the app is fairly useless.
- Some customers have reported this offer cartridges and canisters being leaky on installation without any actual use or any damage taking place.
- In many situations, customers feel that the water that comes out of this under-sink kitchen filtration tastes too much like minerals to be very drinkable, although this is open to interpretation.
Option #6. Epic Smart Shield Under Sink Filter System
- UNDER SINK WATER FILTER: The Smart Shield sets the standard for water filter under sink category on Amazon. It is...
- TAP WATER FILTER: Solid carbon block water filter uses depth & adsorption filtration to achieve sub 1 micron...
- WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM UNDER SINK: The Smart Shield is the perfect under sink water filtration system. It is the...
Choose the Epic Smart Shield Under Sink Filter System for your undersink filter needs and you’re sure to enjoy the healthier, tastier water it makes in no time. This is a very small, easy to use and simple to install filter that can remove up to 99% of 70 different contaminants despite its small and compact size. And since it’s smaller, it’s a lot easier to work with for those who have never had an undersink filter or who don’t have a lot of experience with installing these options. All in all, if you’re looking for a great beginner water filter or if you just want something that can clean up the water for a smaller household’s kitchen sink, this offer may be perfect for you.
- This option can be installed in just a few short minutes without the need for drilling or complicated hookups.
- If you have trouble with the installation process, the company provides step-by-step online videos to make it even easier than ever before to figure out just what you need to do.
- It is possible to get in touch with customer service 24/7 either through email or by phone if you have any questions or concerns about this choice.
- This is not a very well-known product or a popular brand name, so if you’re looking for something that can be backed by long-term product loyalty, you may want to go with another product.
- This offer causes the water in your faucet to flow much more slowly than it normally would, so it may require a little patience to fill up a larger container with clean water from the sink.
- Like many other filters of this type, you cannot use this choice with hot water or this option will become damaged beyond the ability to be repaired.
Option #7. Aquasana 3-Stage Under Sink Filter System
- Instantly Transform Ordinary Tap Water Into Clean Extraordinary Water - Removes up to 99% of 77 contaminants while...
- High Flow Rate - This system powers through a half-gallon of water every minute No need to wait for clean water...
- Cost Efficient & Long Lasting - The most economical filter on the market at less than 10 cents per gallon filtered...
For one of the best under sink filters to use in your kitchen, you may want to consider the Aquasana 3-Stage Under Sink Filter System . This under-sink kitchen filtration removes 99% of up to 77 types of contaminants from your water, and it does so without adding anything back that shouldn’t be there or removing anything that should. This choice includes a faucet that can be selected from three different finishes so you never have to worry about it matching your sink, and it comes with a set of starter filters so you don’t have to add on the expense of buying filter media right away either. Best of all, it all sets up very quickly and easily, and most customers have no trouble putting it in place without the help of any experts by following the thorough included instructions.
***TOTAL IN-HOME FILTRATION: Best Whole House Water Filter.
- The included faucet options are all totally lead-free and safe from any contaminants, so you don’t have to worry about your water becoming dirty again after it passes through this offer system.
- This option includes a pre-filter to help remove any sediment or dirt that may build up in the water supply and increase the overall flow and capacity of the rest of the system.
- This offer can be used with just about any existing plumbing since it requires very few fittings to work with your kitchen sink.
- The O-rings that come as part of this set are not as strong as the ones you may get from a hardware store, so you might want to replace them right away or expect to replace them in a couple of years after they wear out.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration may decrease the flow rate in your kitchen sink, although not as significantly as some of the other options out there.
- This option media housings may leak very easily on this choice.
Option #8. iSpring CU-A4 Compact High Efficiency Drinking Water Filter System
- SUPERIOR PERFORMANCE: The advance 4-stage design, which includes both Ultrafiltration and KDF/GAC stages, removes...
- 4-Stage ULTRA FILTRATION SYSTEM: PP Sediment Filter ((5 microns) removes larger particles like rust, sand, dirt. )...
- SIMPLE AND FLEXIBLE: NO WASTE WATER and No storage water tank required. The CU-A4 provides highly effective water...
The iSpring CU-A4 4-Stage Compact High Efficiency Multi-Purpose Drinking Water Filter System is a high-quality filter that is easy to install but powerful enough to handle even a high-use kitchen sink. This choice can even be used in other ways such as in your refrigerator if you prefer, so you don’t have to feel limited to only using it with your sink depending on your home’s specific needs. This under-sink kitchen filtration is fitted with cartridges that are built for a higher capacity than many of the others out there, so they last longer and don’t have to be replaced as frequently. This helps on your water and electric bill when the system is in use and also helps you save money in the long run on buying filter media, too.
- All of the parts of this offer that come into contact with your water are FDA-compliant and safe for food use, meaning they won’t contaminate your water or lower its quality.
- This option product doesn’t include a water storage tank and doesn’t produce any wastewater, so it’s a good pick for motorhomes, trailers, and RVs.
- This offer can remove up to 99% of the most common types of pollutants, like arsenic, lead, heavy metals, and more.
- The directions that come with this system may not be as thorough or helpful as some of the others out there, so you may end up needing assistance if you’re inexperienced with this type of installation.
- Several customers have had trouble with the water filter causing an oily film on the water it puts out for some time after it has been installed.
- This offer may develop leaks very quickly after installation, even when installed correctly.
Option #9. Aquasana 2-Stage Under Sink Filter System
- Instantly Transform Ordinary Tap Water Into Clean, Extraordinary Water - Removes up to 99% of 77 contaminants while...
- High Flow Rate - This system powers through a half-gallon of water every minute. No need to wait for clean water...
- The Claryum 2-Stage is tested and certified to NSF/ANSI standards 42, 53, and 401, and P473 for the reduction of...
Choose the Aquasana 2-Stage Under Sink Filter System for an under sink solution that is sure to work great in any smaller setting. This choice may not be as large and heavy-duty as some of the other choices on our list, but it is powerful enough to handle the under-sink kitchen filtration of 99% of 77 of the most common contaminants out there. Made by the well-known Aquasana brand, this two-stage filter utilizes carbon to remove unwanted contaminants without getting rid of the minerals that make your water healthy and good for you to drink. You can easily hook up this choice in a short amount of time and get it running in a couple of hours by following the easy included directions or reaching out the company if you have any further questions.
- This choice does not remove magnesium, potassium, or calcium from the water supply, so you don’t have to worry about losing out on these important and healthy minerals.
- This is a smaller system, so it’s ideal for apartments, RVs, or households on a water supply that is already partially treated by the city.
- This option is designed to prevent wastewater from making its way back into your water supply.
- The water flow in your sink after installing this option is very likely to drop significantly and make it take longer to fill up containers when you need to.
- This option may make your faucet continue to drip water for a little while after the sink has been turned off, even if it doesn’t have a leak.
- Some customers report this offer arriving without any tubing or with no starter filter components, although this is not very common and the company should be willing to work with you to replace any missing pieces with this choice.
Option #10. 3M Aqua-Pure Under Sink Water Filtration System
- CLEANER WATER: Reduces particulate, chlorine taste and odor, lead, parasitic protozoan cysts, and select volatile...
- FULL FLOW: Designed to flow at the rate of your faucet, up to 2.5 gallons per minute, minimizing water pressure,...
- EASY TO INSTALL: Easier to install than dedicated faucet under counter drinking water systems because it connects...
Go with the 3M Aqua-Pure Under Sink Water Filtration System for a heavy-duty and very high capacity option that will work in just about situation where you need to filter lots of water for an individual sink. This offer is capable of getting rid of bacteria as well as parasites, lead, chlorine, and more from your water supply. Over its lifetime, this under-sink kitchen filtration can handle up to six thousand gallons of water, making it a very long-lasting product that is sure to make a difference in the way you treat the water in your home. Best of all, this under sink system provides a three-stage design that will ensure your water is as clean and drinkable as possible without leaving behind any unwanted contaminants.
- When the time comes to change this option media inside the product, it’s very easy to do so, and it’s just as easy to find replacement carbon filter media when you need to.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration can be hooked up to your existing sink and doesn’t require a new faucet in order to work properly, if you don’t want to install one.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration can be used on any sink as long as there is enough space for this offer to sit nearby or underneath it.
- The included directions are very difficult to understand and do not explain anything thoroughly enough for anyone who is inexperienced with this type of installation.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration is very noisy and makes more sound when it filters than most of the other options on our list.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration may slow down your water flow quite a lot and may be inconvenient for anyone looking to fill up a container with water quickly.
Option #11. Culligan US-EZ-4 EZ-Change Undersink System
- Provide your family with visibly clean, great-tasting water for drinking, cooking and more
- Features: Reduces particulates class 1, chloride, cyst, chloroform, MTBE, mercury, lead, turbidity, perfluorinated...
- Compatibility: Culligan US-EZ-4 cartridges
The Culligan US-EZ-4 EZ-Change Undersink Drinking Water Filtration System comes with everything you need to get started filtering your kitchen (or bathroom) sink in no time. This choice includes a single-stage filter canister that can be hooked up with simple twist-on fittings and installed without the need for any tools, unless you choose to install with a wrench for tightening the fittings. This undersink filter can remove parasites, mercury, lead, and contaminants that contribute to bad tastes in your water supply as well as many other substances you may want to get rid of. Best of all, with a single filter media, you can filter up to 500 gallons of water before you have to worry about replacing it. All in all, this is a great low-cost option that is especially good for households looking to get started with a water filter system for the first time, or for anyone who needs a smaller and less high-impact filter option for the kitchen sink.
***FILTRATION SOFTENER HEAD: Best Shower Filter For Hard Water.
- This option product is designed to keep the water flow rate in your sink from decreasing too much while the system is in use.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration comes with one filter media, and replacement media is both easy to find and very affordable, so you don’t have to worry about budgeting a lot of extra funds to replace this choice every few months.
- One filter is designed to last for about six months unless you use the product a lot more frequently than is common for a kitchen sink.
- Some customers report this choice developing a slow but steady leak shortly after installation that can, over time, do damage to the cabinets or to this option canister itself.
- It can be very difficult to get in touch with customer service about this offer, even if your item arrived without all of the parts required to install it properly.
- The fitting to connect this choice to the sink is made of plastic and is not nearly as durable or long-lasting as this type of fitting is in other filters.
Option #12. Brondell H2O+ Coral UC300 Under Sink Water Filtration System
- THREE-STAGE FILTRATION: Brondell’s Coral Three-Stage filter set consists of a sediment filter, pre-carbon filter,...
- QUICK FILTER CHANGE: The Coral features a Twist & Seal system that makes changing the water filter a breeze while...
- HIGH CAPACITY FILTERS: Enjoy purified water all year round with these high capacity water filters. With a double...
Choose the Brondell H2O+ Coral UC300 Three-Stage Under Sink Water Filtration System to meet all your under-sink kitchen filtration needs. This offer provides a three-stage design that helps filter out up to 99% of many common contaminants in water, including chemicals and lead. These filters are designed to work for up to twelve months without needing to be replaced, depending on how frequently you use your kitchen sink. When the time comes to replace this option media, all you have to do is twist the canisters off, replace the media in question, and twist them back on again for easy maintenance. Best of all, this option features an LED light to alert you when it’s time to change this offer media, so you never again have to worry that you aren’t taking care of it at the right time.
- This offer comes with its own faucet that is designed to hook up to the fittings that come with this choice system, making it easier to get everything set up and ready to use in no time.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration features a sediment filter, a pre-carbon filter, and a traditional carbon filter to help remove as much as possible from your water supply without getting rid of the minerals that are good for you.
- You can use this offer under just about any sink.
- The included adapters are flimsy and may not be ideal, so many customers choose to upgrade or replace them before installation.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration may not filter your water as well as some of the others listed here in the same price range.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration’s replacement filter media may be a little challenging to find.
Option #13. FS-TFC Reverse Osmosis Filtration System
- Supreme quality - designed, and assembled to guarantee water safety & your health.Remove Rate up to...
- Mini Size -High Flow Designed :Developed for household and commercial use, This Water Filtration System can be...
- Easy, do-it-yourself installation, Fits under a standard kitchen sink, with all parts included and clear,...
If you’re in need of an product that can fit under a smaller sink or even mount to the wall when you don’t have enough room to put it elsewhere, you may need this FS-TFC Reverse Osmosis Water Filtration System . This choice is powerful enough to handle any kitchen sink but small enough to work in almost any home, including apartments. This offer can filter over a thousand different contaminants from your water supply and comes with a beautiful lead-free faucet that is just as easy to install as the rest of the system. This option is built to keep your flow rate as high as possible, so you don’t have to sit and wait to fill up a glass of water for several minutes when you just want to drink something healthy and crystal clear.
- This choice comes with lifetime tech support in the event you ever have issues with the installation or upkeep of the product.
- This offer can handle the under-sink kitchen filtration of fluoride, unlike many other filters out there.
- This is a lightweight and compact system that can be moved to another home if need be.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration does not come with any directions for installation, making it difficult or even impossible for inexperienced customers.
- The cartridges may leak very easily on this option.
- This option may arrive with broken, damaged, or missing pieces in some instances.
Option #14. NU Aqua Platinum Series Drinking Water Filter System
- PREMIUM QUALITY U.S. BRAND: The NU Aqua Platinum Series has gone through rigorous development and testing in our...
- HIGH FLOW RATE: At 100GPD this system doubles the output of standard under sink drinking water filtration systems...
- FREE BONUS INSTALLATION DVD AND PPM METER: Extremely easy do-it-yourself installation can take less than 1 hour...
When you’re looking for under sink options with a heavy-duty design and a reverse osmosis option, check out the NU Aqua Platinum Series Deluxe High Capacity Drinking Water Filter System . This choice comes with everything you need to get started with a reverse osmosis system right in your own home. This choice is designed to thoroughly filter your water without reducing the pressure or flow rate in your sink more than is absolutely necessary, and it is capable of filtering over one thousand different contaminants out of your drinking water. To top it all off, this offer comes with an instructional DVD to help you learn all about how to install it properly, and it even includes a free PPM meter that you can use to test the quality of your water before and after you install the system. Use it to see just what a difference this choice will make in your home!
- This option features a five-year warranty, which is one of the longest of the products on our list.
- The fittings on this option are designed to be screwed into place quickly and easily, making it simple even for inexperienced buyers to use.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration is easy to maintain when the time comes to change this choice media.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration has been known to arrive damaged during shipping or missing crucial pieces needed to install it.
- This under-sink kitchen filtration may develop leaks very early on after it is installed.
- The valves included with this offer may be the wrong size for some sinks, so this can be an additional cost if you need to purchase a replacement before installation.
Our review list represents the best-suited products across different price ranges and filtration types after examining the important components that go into under sink water filtration—the quantity of impurities eliminated, physical size of the system, and number of filtration stages.
Many of the highlighted systems can remove pollutants from municipal, well, and alkaline water, including chlorine, heavy metals, and microorganisms. We hope you can choose a great option for your family and home today.
Last update on 2022-11-29 at 07:43 Product prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on [relevant Amazon Site(s), as applicable] at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product. CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE, COMES FROM AMAZON. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED ‘AS IS’ AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.